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VII. Share of SMEs in the Japanese Economy

Number of Enterprises

Number of Employees

Value of Shipment in Manufacturing

Change in Start-up and Closure rates [enterprise-based]

(non-primary industries/annual average)

 

1. Number of Enterprises

Industries SMEs Large Enterprises Total
Number of Enterprises % of Total Number of Enterprises % of Total Number of Enterprises % of Total
Manufacturing & Others 1,498,351 99.8 3,294 0.2 1,501,645 100.0
Wholesale 255,587 99.1 2,394 0.9 257,981 100.0
Retail 1,743,848 99.8 4,000 0.2 1,747,848 100.0
Services 1,191,823 99.7 3,742 0.3 1,195,565 100.0
Total (Non-Primary Industries) 4,689,609 99.7 13,430 0.3 4,703,039 100.0

[Source] Compiled from Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and telecommunications, Establishment and Enterprise Census of Japan (2001)

[Note ] Number of Enterprises = number of companies (as defined under SME Basic Law) + number of self-employed

(Reference) Number of Establishments and Number of Enterprises

Industries SMEs Large Enterprises Total
Number of Enterprises % of Total Number of Enterprises % of Total Number of Enterprises % of Total
Number of Establishment 6,071,654 99.2 47,407 0.8 6,119,061 100.0
Number of Enterprises 4,689,609 99.7 13,430 0.3 4,703,039 100.0

[Source] Compiled from Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and telecommunications, Establishment and Enterprise Census of Japan (2001)

2. Number of Employees

Industries SMEs Large Enterprises Total
Number of Enterprises % of Total Number of Enterprises % of Total Number of Enterprises % of Total
Manufacturing & Others 13,093,499 65.6 6,858,516 34.4 19,952,015 100.0
Wholesale 2,467,928 67.8 1,170,471 32.2 3,638,399 100.0
Retail 7,677,242 74.3 2,658,078 25.7 10,335,320 100.0
Services 6,724,696 77.0 2,005,533 23.0 8,730,229 100.0
Total (Non-Primary Industries) 29,963,365 70.2 12,692,598 29.8 42,655,963 100.0

[Source] Compiled from Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and telecommunications, Establishment and Enterprise Census of Japan (2001)

3. Value of Shipment in Manufacturing

Scale 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
SMEs 157,139
(51.3%)
159,523
(51.0%)
164,025
(50.8%)
157,940
(51.6%)
150,550
(51.7%)
153,624
(51.1%)
146,818
(51.2%)
137,776
(51.1%)
Large Enterprises 148,890
(48.7%)
153,546
(49.0%)
159,047
(49.2%)
147,929
(48.4%)
140,900
(48.3%)
146,854
(48.9%)
139,849
(48.8%)
131,586
(48.9%)
Total 306,030 313,068 323,072 305,869 291,450 300,478 286,667 269,362

[Source] Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Census of Manufactures

[Note ] SMEs are defined as establishments employing 4 to 299 employees and Large Enterprises as those employing 300 or more.

4. Productivity Index (Whole Industry)

  Scale 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Value Added
(billion yen)
SMEs

Large
Enterprises
158,715
(57.2%)
118,558
(42.8%)
147,384
(54.6%)
122,336
(45.4%)
152,907
(55.5%)
122,754
(44.5%)
153,151
(56.6%)
117,262
(43.4%)
148,034
(55.3%)
119,697
(44.7%)
153,404
(55.5%)
123,225
(44.5%)
140,357
(54.6%)
116,534
(45.4%)
138,717
(53.8%)
119,152
(46.2%)
Productivity of
Value Added
( thousand yen)
SMEs

Large
Enterprises
4,993

10,032

4,840

10,287

4,894

10,265

4,837

9,696

4,602

9,831

4,573

10,425

4,483

10,109

4,558

10,228

[Source] Ministry of Finance, Financial Statement Statistics of Corporations by Industry

[Note .1] SMEs are defined as establishments capitalization at less than 100 million yen, and Large Enterprises as those capitalized at 100 million yen or over.

[Note .2] Productivity of Value Added = Value Added / (no. of employees + no. of directors)

5. Productivity Index (Manufacturing)

  Scale 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Value Added
(billion yen)
SMEs

Large
Enterprises
65,113
(55.6%)
52,091
(44.4%)
65,894
(55.2%)
53,410
(44.8%)
66,745
(55.7%)
53,128
(44.3%)
64,239
(56.7%)
48,997
(43.3%)
61,631
(57.1%)
46,299
(42.9%)
62,472
(56.7%)
47,770
(43.3%)
59,608
(57.7%)
43,697
(42.3%)
55,713
(57.2%)
41,746
(42.8%)
Productivity of
Value Added
( thousand yen)
SMEs
(Large
Enterprise=100)
Large
Enterprises
8,773
(48.8%)

17,975

9,069
(48.2%)

18,826

9,335
(49.0%)

19,063

9,010
(49.8%)

18,093

9,081
(50.9%)

17,842

9,366
(49.3%)

19,009

9,321
(52.7%)

17,684

9,249
(51.0%)

18,153

[Source] Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Census of Manufactures

[Note ] SMEs are defined as establishments employing 4 to 299 employees and Large Enterprises as those employing 300 or more.

6. Change in Start-up and closure rates

1) Change in start-up and closure rates [enterprise-based]
(Non-primary industries/annual average)

  ’75-‘78 ’78-‘81 ’81-‘86 ’86-‘91 ’91-‘96 ’96-‘99 ’99-‘01
Start-up Rate 5.9% 5.9% 4.3% 3.5% 2.7% 3.6% 3.1%
Closure Rate 3.8% 3.8% 4.0% 4.0% 3.2% 5.6% 4.5%

[Source] Compiled from Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and telecommunications, Establishment and Enterprise Census of Japan (2001)

2) Change in start-up and closure rates [establishment-based]
(Non-primary industries/annual average)

  ’75-‘78 ’78-‘81 ’81-‘86 ’86-‘89 ’89-‘91 ’91-‘94 ’94-‘96 96’-‘99 ’99-‘01
Start-up Rate 6.2% 6.1% 4.7% 4.2% 4.1% 4.6% 3.7% 4.1% 3.8%
Closure Rate 3.4% 3.8% 4.0% 3.6% 4.7% 4.7% 3.8% 5.9% 4.2%

[Source] Compiled from Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and telecommunications, Establishment and Enterprise Census of Japan (2001)

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