Small and Medium Enterprise Agency
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I. Japan's SME Policies in Relation to the Country's Economic Development
Reconstruction Period
1945
-
1954

-- Improvement of Basic Tools for SMEs Policies
(Finance / Organizational Upgrading / Management Diagnosis & Guidance)

-- 1948 Establishment of the Small and Medium Enterprise Agency

High Growth Period (1st. Stage)
1955
-
1962

-- Rectification of Dual Structure(Gaps between SMEs and Large Enterprises)

- Systematization of SMEs policy
(Finance / Organizational Upgrading / Management Diagnosis & Guidance)

- Response for the Structure of Division of Labor among Subcontracting Enterprises

High Growth Period (2nd. Stage)
1963
-
1972

-- Modernization of SME

- 1963 Establishment of “Small and Medium Enterprise Basic Law”

. Intensification of Policies for Rectifying Disadvantages

. Measures for Small-scale Enterprises

. Measures for Enriching Equity Capital
(Small and Medium Business Investment and Consultation Co., Ltd.)

. SME Modernization Promotion Law

Stable Growth Period
1973
-
1984

-- Knowledge Intensification

-- Enriching Intangible Managerial Resources

- Institute for Small Business Management and Technology

- Small Business Information Center

- SME Regional Information Center in Districts

Transition Period (1st. Stage)
1985
-
1999

-- Structural Change and Industrial Agglomeration

-- Measures for Supporting Start-up and New Businesses

- Temporary Law concerning Measures for the Promotion of the Creative Business Activities of Small and Medium Enterprises

Transition Period (2nd. Stage)
2000
-


-- 1999 Amendment of “Small and Medium Enterprise Basic Law”

- Promoting Diverse and Vigorous Growth and Development of Independent SMEs

. Promoting Business Innovation and New Business Start-ups

. Strengthening Management Base of SMEs

. Facilitating Adaptation to Economic and Social Changes

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